The FDCs of the 11-cent Hayes Stamp

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The 11-cent Rutherford B. Hayes stamp (Scott 563) was the first of a new series of ordinary postage stamps that were issued during 1922 and 1923. It was formally released on October 4, 1922 in a public ceremony at Hayes’ hometown, Fremont, Ohio. The date coincided with the one-hundereth anniversary of the 19th President’s birth date. The stamp was also made available on the same day at the Philatelic Stamp Agency in Washington, DC.

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                                                W. Irving Glover           Michael Eidsness, Jr.
                                          Third Assistant PMG    Superintendent of Stamps

Third Assistant Postmaster General Glover, with the able assistance of Superintendent of Stamps Eidsness, significantly revamped the nation’s stamp program in 1922 and established the foundation for the birth of the modern FDC. His program included the creation and consolidation of the three policies mentioned below. Some of this had been practiced before, but not to Glover’s scope and extent. What part the Hayes stamp played in the program is also mentioned.

  1.  Press releases of upcoming first day of issue information for all new postage  stamps; not only for commemorative stamps, but ordinary and special  service stamps as well. The Hayes stamp was Glover’s second new stamp  and his first new ordinary stamp to receive this attention.
  2.  The release of new stamps at sites of significance to the subject of the  stamps. The Hayes stamp was the first new stamp under Glover and the    first ordinary stamp to ever receive this attention.
  3.  Public First Day ceremonies to formally introduce new stamps. The Hayes    stamp had the first public First Day ceremony.

The following is a tabulation of the covers and their servicers found in an ongoing 40 year survey of Hayes FDCs. Note that the Fremont FDC servicers, other than Michael Eidsness, were first-time servicers while the Washington FDC servicers, with one exception, had serviced at least one earlier FDC issue. There is considerable similarity between the servicers of the Hayes Washington FDCs and those of the previous FDC issue, the 10 cent Special Delivery stamp of 1922 (Scott E12).

Fremont, Ohio (Oct. 4, 1922)
73 Known covers

Last updates:
10/22/17 (Hammelman? FDC addressed to Hammelman)
10/03/15 (Peiffer FDC addressed to Peiffer)
06/24/13 (Hammelman? FDC addressed to Hammelman)
11/01/12 (Hoffman FDC addressed to James Hoffman)
09/01/10 (Hammelman? FDC addressed to Hammelman)
08/08/10 (Babcock FDC addressed to Babcock)
03/30/10 (Eidsness FDC addressed to Keogh)

Click on image for photo and text

Time Addressee City Mail Mode Servicer
9:00 am
image W. Irving Glover Washington, DC Spec. Delivery Eidsness
image E. C. Worden Milburn, NJ Spec. Delivery Eidsness
image Leo Rutstein Milburn, NJ Eidsness
image Charles E. Warren Washington, DC Eidsness
image James Keogh Alexandria, VA Eidsness
11:00 am
image Robert S. Hoffman (2) New York, NY Robert Hoffman
James H. Hoffman (2) New York, NY Robert Hoffman
image L. Grant Hamilton Detroit, MI Hamilton
image Valentine Sohn Waterloo, Ont. Sohn
11:30 am
image Herman W. Boers Detroit, MI Boers
image Mr. John D. Kay Detroit, MI Boers
image Herman W. Boers (2) Detroit, MI Not certain
Karl Koslowski Detroit, MI Not certain
image Herman W. Boers Detroit, MI Reg. #1206 Koslowski
12:30 pm
image Wm. Peiffer (2) Tiffin, OH Peiffer
Unaddressed Peiffer
image Partial Photocopy Unknown
 
1:00 pm
image Edgar Fielding (4) Wilmington, DL Fielding
A. S. Yount (2) Penns Grove, NJ Fielding
image Arthur Puls New York, NY Spec. Delivery Helvetia Com. Co.
image William Sauerbrey New York, NY Spec. Delivery Helvetia Com. Co.
image Erwin Strasser Cleveland, OH Reg. #1244 Strasser
Erwin Strasser Cleveland, OH Reg. #1245 Strasser
Erwin Strasser Cleveland, OH Reg. #1246 Strasser
Erwin Strasser Cleveland, OH Reg. #1247 Strasser
2:00 pm
image Clarence H. Issler (4) Worcester, MA Issler
image Karl B. Pauley Columbus, OH Spec. Delivery Pauley
image R. B. Nichols (6) Lynn, MA Spec. Delivery Nichols
image Partial Photocopy Spec. Delivery Unknown
3:00 pm
image Henry Hammelman (3) Washington, DC Uncertain
 
3:00 pm Registered Covers
image Mrs. Rosa Storck Cincinnati, OH Reg. #1210 Alice Matter
image Mrs. A. C. Matter Cincinnati, OH Reg. #1214 Alice Matter
Mrs. Alice Matter Cincinnati, OH Reg. #1215 Alice Matter
Mrs. Alice Matter Cincinnati, OH Reg. #1217 Alice Matter
Mrs. Rosa Storck Cincinnati, OH Reg. #1218 Alice Matter
image Mrs. Alice Matter Cincinnati, OH Reg. #1219 Alice Matter
image J. Eustace Guest Dallas, TX Reg, #1222 Philip Ireland
image Frank Pollard Brown Boston, MA Reg. #1226 Brown
Frank Pollard Brown Boston, MA Reg. #1227 Brown
image Stuyvesant French New York, NY Reg. #1228 French
image A. S. Matter Cincinnati, OH Reg. #1230 Alfonso Matter
image Mrs. Carl E. Merriger Waterbury, CT Reg. #1233 Fremont P.O.
image Philip W. Ireland Delaware, OH Reg. #1236 Ireland
Philip W. Ireland Delaware, OH Reg. #1237 Ireland
image Warren L. Babcock Detroit, MI Reg. #1243 Babcock
image Top Third Cover Unknown Fremont P.O.
4:30 pm
image Herman W. Boers (5) Detroit, MI Boers
image Dr. Preston Hoskins Detroit, MI Boers
Mr. E. J. Scott Detroit, MI Boers
5:00 pm
image Wm. Jerrems, Jr Kansas City, MO Reg. #1251 Jerrems
All
image Desirability of Fremont FDCs

Washington, DC (Oct. 4, 1922)
Approx. 80 covers

Last updates:
12/16/14 (Siebold FDC addressed to William O. Siebold)
7/10/11 (Ward FDC addressed to Philip H. Ward, Jr.)
6/04/11 (Siebold FDC addressed to Marie Siebold)
3/17/10 (Siebold FDC addressed to Marie Siebold)

Click on image for photo and text

Time Addressee City Mail Mode Servicer
10:00 am
image Edward C. Worden (50) Millburn, NJ Worden
image Unaddressed (3) Worden
image Fred R. Schmalzriedt Detroit, NJ Worden
image C. E. Nickles Washington, DC Worden
image Home Stamp Company Boston, MA Worden
11:00 am
image Wm. O. Siebold (2) Washington, DC Spec. Delivery Siebold
image Wm. O. Siebold Washington, DC Spec. Delivery Siebold
image Miss Marie Siebold (2) Washington, DC Spec. Delivery Siebold
11:30 am
image Howard C. Beck Baltimore, MD Spec. Delivery Beck
12:00 pm
image Miss Hazel C. Welo Washington, DC Spec. Delivery Hammelman
3:00 pm
image Mr. Philip H. Ward, Jr. Philadelphia, PA Spec. Delivery Ward
5:30 pm
image Mr. A. E. Martin Washington, DC Spec. Delivery Hammelman
image Florence Barzume (2) Washington, DC Spec. Delivery Hammelman
image Mr. T. J. O’Halloran (2) Washington, DC Spec. Delivery Hammelman
7:00 pm
image Mr. D. R. Niblack (3) Alexandria, VA Spec. Delivery Hammelman
image T. R. Hungerford (3) Washington, DC Spec. Delivery H. F. Colman
Registered
image Erwin Strasser Cleveland, OH Reg. #993543 Strasser
Erwin Strasser Cleveland, OH Reg. #993545 Strasser
Erwin Strasser Cleveland, OH Reg. #993546 Strasser
image Philip H. Ward, Jr Philadelphia, PA Reg. #993547 Ward
image Mr. A. C. Powers Col. Springs, CO Reg. #181773 H. F. Colman
All
image Desirability of Washington FDCs

Other First Day Related Items

image Announcements
image Signed Plate Blocks
image First Day Program
image Fremont Canceled Pieces

Second Day of Use Hayes Covers

October 5, 1922

Time Addressee City Mail Mode Servicer
9 am Eugene Klein (3) Philadelphia, PA Spec. Delivery Klein
11 am Mr. Milt Toessrl, Jr. Columbus, OH Rev. Toessrl
1 pm Mrs. A. T. Anderson Croton-Hudson, NY Scott Hayes

The five covers are Fremont covers. Those addressed to Klein are undoubtively ones that were either overlooked or received too late to receive First Day cancellations. No Washington Second Day of Use covers are known.

More Considerations

image Another Hammelman FDC
image A fake Worden Fremont FDC
image A counterfeit Hayes FDC

This post is also part of five related posts:

The FDCs of the 11c Hayes Stamp of 1922

The Die Proofs of the 11c Hayes Stamp of 1922
hayesdieproofs.wordpress.com

The Plates and Panes of the 11c Hayes Stamp of 1922
hayesplates.wordpress.com

The Color Varieties of the 11c Hayes Stamp of 1922
hayesshades.wordpress.com

Postal History of the 11c Hayes Stamp of 1922
hayescovers.wordpress.com

Jerry Katz (3/18/09)
Jerry A. Katz
jerryakatz@aol.com

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